1. Core Reading 0 items
    The Module Reader contains weekly readings which all students are expected to complete as a core requirement. Please bring a copy with you to class.
  2. Crticial Introductions 3 items
    These books provide overviews of key debates, with an undergraduate readership in mind.
    1. Film, form, and culture - Robert Phillip Kolker 2015 (electronic resource)

      Book  A key source for the module. A brief section is included in the module reader but the whole book is a very useful source

    2. Understanding realism - Richard Armstrong 2005

      Book  the first pages of the book are included in the module reader. A very easy to read introduction to questions of realism. Presented

    3. Realism and popular cinema - Julia Hallam, Margaret Marshment 2000

      Book  More complex than the two previous sources but an excellent book that thinks about realism specifically in the context of cinema

  3. Further reading by Topic 49 items
    These are recommended as works we have read and know you will find useful. Use them as starting points for research, rather than assuming these are the only sources you could use.
    1. Silent cinema, city symphonies and Soviet Montage (weeks 1-3) 14 items
      1. Early cinema: space frame narrative - Thomas Elsaesser, Barker 1990

        Book  The first section of the book but more specifically, the articles by André Gaudreault and Dai Vaughan on the cinema of the Lumiere Brothers. CRUCIAL: fthe book includes probably the most famous and influential article on early cinema, Tom Gunning's The cinema of attractions : early films, its spectator and the avant-garde

      2. Closely watched films: an introduction to the art of narrative film technique - Marilyn Fabe 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book  An interesting book but above all, see the chapter on Eisenstein's Battleship Potemkin and the following chapter on Murnau's extraordinary The Last Laugh

      3. A new history of documentary film - Betsy A. McLane, Jack C. Ellis 2012

        Book  Very easy and basic book on the history of documentary. Chapter 2 is dedicated to Flaherty. See also the chapter on the European avant-garde (city symphony films are associated with avant-garde film practices)

      4. Documenting the documentary: close readings of documentary film and video 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book  A collection of articles analyzing different documentary films. Many different topics relevant for the module: from Direct Cinema to Cinema Verite, Soviet Montage and a highly interesting chapter on Nanook of the North.This is an online resource but the library holds several copies of an earlier edition of the book if you prefer

      5. Documentary display: re-viewing nonfiction film and video - Keith Beattie 2008

        Book  Read pages 32-58. The chapter focuses on the City Symphony film

      6. Urban cinematics: understanding urban phenomena through the moving image - Francois Penz, Andong Lu 2011

        Book  Part one of the book is on the city symphony. Of the three chapters included, the first two are particularly relevant

      7. Film theory and criticism: introductory readings - Leo Braudy, Marshall Cohen 2009

        Book  The Soviet filmmakers' writing are not the easiest to understand but in this book you will find one short piece by Pudovkin (on editing) and two short pieces by Eisenstein that are more accesible

      8. Film history: an introduction - Kristin Thompson, David Bordwell 2010

        Book  the canonical source for film history. Easy to read and provides also some historical context in its chapter on Soviet cinema

      9. The Nexus of the Empire: Early Actuality Films of London at the Turn of the Twentieth Century - Maurizio Cinquegrani 08/2009

        Article  it takes it a while until it actually deals with actuality films, but it is a very useful analysis of the actuality film and its social function

      10. Forgotten firm: a short chronological account of Mitchell and Kenyon, cinematographers - Robin Whalley, Forgotten firm: a short chronological account of Mitchell and Kenyon, cinematographersWhalley, Robin 01.01.1998

        Article  A useful an brief history of the Mitchell & Kenyon company, the history of the films and an analysis of some of them

      11. Electric Edwardians: the story of the Mitchell & Kenyon collection - Vanessa Toulmin 2006

        Book  THE book on the Mitchell & Kenyon collection (together with a more historically contextual the lost world of Mitchell and Kenyon). In here, the films are organised according to themes and provides also a history of the company

      12. Screening the city - Shiel, Fitzmaurice 2003

        Book  Part one is all about silent films on the city. Of particular relevance are chapter one and chapter two. We will go to the cinema to watch Belin, Symphony of a Great City (the subject of the two chapters).

      13. The documentary film reader: history, theory, criticism 2016

        Book  Highly useful source for this section of the module: articles on early cinema (by Gunning and Dai Vaughan but not the ones already mentioned), on city symphonies, on Flaherty and his film Nanook.

      14. City space, technology, popular culture: The modernism of Paul Strand and Charles Sheeler's Manhatta - SUÁREZ, JUAN A Apr 2002

        Article  Excellent article that deals with one of the short films we will be watching and also with issues that will be (hopefully) explained in the lecture

    2. The status of the image (week 4) 4 items
      1. European cinema: an introduction - Jill Forbes, Sarah Street 2000

        Book  Pages 81-95. Jill Forbes interesting and easy to read analysis of Rules of the Game

      2. Reality transformed: film as meaning and technique - Singer 1998

        Book  Pages 155-190 are dedicated to an analysis of the film we will be watching, Rules of the Game. It is not necessarily the easiest of reads. You can disregard the more theoretical passages and concentrate on what it has to say about the film. It will help you to understand this complex and enjoyable film

      3. The reality of film: theories of filmic reality - Richard Rushton 2011

        Book  Chapter 2. The whole book however is highly interesting for the whole module although some lack of prior knowledge of some theories makes it unsuitable as a critical introduction. But hopefully, throughout the module will become more and more relevant.

      4. Filmwaves-Archive-The Zapruder Quotient

        Webpage  Short, sharp and very interesting. The discussion is on the context of documentary but the argument is also valid for fiction films

    3. Neorealism (week 5) 4 items
      1. Theorizing world cinema - Lòâucia Nagib, Christopher Perriam, Rajinder Kumar Dudrah 2012

        Book  Part IV of the book is on realism. The first of the chapters in that section by Geoffrey Nowell-Smith is on neorealism

      2. European film theory - Temenuga Trifonova c2009 (electronic resource)

        Book  Part five of the book is dedicated to realism. Chapters 20 and 21 deal directly with neorealism. Chapter 18 is on the theories of Andre Bazin that will be explained in the lecture

      3. Closely watched films: an introduction to the art of narrative film technique - Marilyn Fabe 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book  Chapter 6 is dedicated to Italian neorealism and although it focuses on De Sica's most famous film, Bycicle Thieves, you will find it useful when thinking about this week's film

      4. Italian neorealism: rebuilding the cinematic city - Mark Shiel 2006 (electronic resource)

        Book  Comprehensive in spite of its size, useful and fairly easy to read

    4. Direct Cinema and Cinema Verite (weeks 6-7) 8 items
      Please note: there is some terminology confusion among certain scholars in the way they refer to these two movements. American Cinema Verite is really Direct Cinema. The confusion in terminology should not obscure the fact that they are two very distinct movements
      1. Direct cinema: observational documentary and the politics of the sixties - Dave Saunders 2007

        Book  See in particular the first chapter (p. 5-24) and the final section of the book dedicated to Wiseman's work. Particularly the chapter dedicated to his work in the 1960s

      2. Documentary screens: non-fiction film and television - Keith Beattie 2004 (electronic resource)

        Book  Clear and interesting. Chapter five is dedicated to an study of both movements

      3. Documenting the documentary: close readings of documentary film and video 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book  Two chapters of the book are dedicated to the study of each of the movements. Please note, the chapter on Direct Cinema calls it American Cinema Verite. This is wrong (and in the lecture I will explain you why). Other than that, it is a useful chapter. The other chapter focuses on the work of Jean Rouch

      4. Total Cinema: "Chronique d'un été" and the End of Bazinian Film Theory - Sam DiLorio, Total Cinema: "Chronique d'un été" and the End of Bazinian Film TheoryDiLorio, Sam 01.04.2007

        Article  Very useful article because it establishes a connection to previous ideas studied in the module with his reflection on Bazin's ideas. Focuses on one of the films we will watch

      5. Building bridges: the cinema of Jean Rouch - Joram ten Brink 2007

        Book  This is a very useful source. Of particular interest now are the chapters by Michael Uwemedimo, Brian Wiaton and Joram Ten Dink (the one on Chronicle of a Summer). See also the first section of the book (a general overview of Rouch's work)

      6. Cine-ethnography - Rouch, Feld 2003

        Book  part one is a section dedicated to articles by Jean Rouch (including the core reading). Part three is made up of a series of articles on Chronicle of a Summer

      7. A new history of documentary film - Betsy A. McLane, Jack C. Ellis 2012

        Book  As already mentioned, easy to read but not less useful for that. See the two chapters on direct cinema and cinema verite

    5. Social problem film: 'kitchen sink films' and contemporary articulations (weeks 8-9) 8 items
      1. Slums on screen: world cinema and the planet of slums - Igor Krstiâc 2016

        Book  Really interesting and key source.. One chapter of the book is in the reader and the rest deals with contemporary neorealist approaches, with digital technology and realism. Includes some very detailed film analyses..

      2. Sex, class and realism: British cinema 1956-1963 - Hill 1986

        Book  A key source to think about realism in Britain. See in particular the chapter on 'Working class realism'

      3. Sixties British cinema - Murphy 1992

        Book  A very interesting book easy to read. Of particular interest here are chapter 3 and 4 but please, if you enjoy it, carry on reading

      4. Dissolving views: key writings on British cinema 2016 (electronic resource)

        Book  There are a couple of highly interesting chapters: Higson's on the 'kitchen sink film' and Lowell on 1960s British realism in general

      5. The Origin, Practice and Meaning of the Free Cinema Manifesto - Charles Drazin 07/2014

        Article  Useful explanation of the context and posterior influence of the free cinema manifesto and analyses also its relevance to the idea of realism in Britain.

      6. Reframing difference: beur and banlieue filmmaking in France - Carrie Tarr 2005

        Book  One of the chapters is the core reading for this week (see the module reader). But the whole book is very interesting and useful in its study of the representation of working class and ethnic minorities in a French context

      7. Divine girlhoods: filming young women in France's Banlieues - Naomi Vogt, Divine girlhoods: filming young women in France's BanlieuesVogt, Naomi 22.06.2017

        Article  An excellent article that includes an analysis of the film we will watch this week

      8. British social realism: from documentary to Brit-grit - Samantha Lay 2002

        Book  Useful source particularly to think about more contemporary articulations of realism in a British context

    6. Subjective reality (week 10) 4 items
      1. Embodied encounters: new approaches to psychoanalysis and cinema 2015 (electronic resource)

        Book  Chapter 3 by Elisabeth Cowie. Don't be put off by the title of the book, this is not a difficult read

      2. Public intimacy: the development of first-person documentary - Patricia Aufderheide, Public intimacy: the development of first-person documentaryAufderheide, Patricia 01.07.1997

        Article  Very useful. It provides a context for the emergence of first person documentary

      3. Film authorship: auteurs and other myths - C. Paul Sellors 2010

        Book  Examines the idea of the auteur (both classical and more contemporary articulations). In some cases, the auteur of the fiction film is akin to the first person filmmaker

      4. Documentary screens: non-fiction film and television - Keith Beattie 2004 (electronic resource)

        Book  See the chapter on 'the Camera I. Autobiographical Documentary'.

    7. Digital and animated realities (weeks 11-12) 7 items
      1. Slums on screen: world cinema and the planet of slums - Igor Krstiâc 2016

        Book  For this section, see the chapter of the book on the use of digital

      2. Killer images: documentary film, memory and the performance of violence 2012

        Book  the book includes two chapters on Waltz with Basir and, following the tone of the rest of the book, it is very interesting for the discussions on the ethics of representing (animated) violence and trauma

      3. Cinephilia in the age of digital reproduction: Vol. 1: Film, pleasure and digital culture - Scott Balcerzak, Jason Sperb 2009

        Book  Be careful. This book is presented in two different volumens. In this one, volume I, you will find the chapter 'the Camera as Camera: How CGI Changes the World as We Know It'

      4. Multimedia histories: from the magic lantern to the Internet - James Lyons, John Plunkett 2007

        Book  See the chapter on CGI, the Lumieres and Perception after photography'.

      5. The critical practice of film: an introduction - Elspeth Kydd 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book  See the chapter on animation

      6. Animated documentary - Annabelle Honess Roe 2013

        Book  Obviously, the whole book is highly relevant but in particular, the chapter representational strategies. See also the chapter on the use of digital technologies and on the representation of the world and of memory

      7. Documentary - Dave Saunders 2010

        Book  the book cover is actually from Waltz with Basir. See the chapter dedicated to the film